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   Pre-Participation      Examination
   Warm Up, Cool Down And      Stretch
   Warm-Up
 
   Aerobic Exercise
  Stretching
   Cool-Down And Stretch
   Sport-Specific Exercises
   Physical Conditioning
 
  Strength
  Speed
  Power
  Flexibility
  Endurance
  Balance
  Principles For General     Conditioning
 Sports Psychology
 Sports Hydration And      Nutrition
   Hydration In Sport
   Nutrition For Exercise
 Drugs And Sports
 Environment And Sports
   Playing Surfaces
   Playing Equipment
   Weather Conditions
 Protective Equipments
 Common Sports Injuries
 Management Of Sports      Injuries
 
 
   
Principles for General Conditioning  
 
   
Make sure training is planned, directed and purposeful.

Follow the F.I.T.T.E (Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type and Enjoyment) principle of     training. Each element should be specified in the training     programme and     developed for each player’s needs.

Progressively increase the intensity and/or duration of training as players     improve their conditioning levels.

Make sure the training is specific to the players and the sport or activity.

Remember when players stop training, their physical condition declines. Maintain physical condition with     two to three workouts every week.

Reduce the amount of training during competition to prevent ‘burn out’ or fatigue.
 
  It’s important to LEARN the correct techniques, PRACTICE them and USE them during the game. It’s also important to learn the techniques early to ensure a long-term involvement in the sport, and also avoid developing the wrong technique. Keep checking techniques to ensure they are always used and, if necessary, seek expert advice (senior coach or a specialist in biomechanics).

Many sports have risky elements such as tackling, jumping, landing, stopping and catching. Identify the risky elements in your sport and make sure players learn and use the correct techniques at all times. For e.g.,
 
   
  Jumping and landing – flexing the hip, knee and ankle to reduce the force on the knees.

Throwing and catching – stretching of the shoulder along with the rotation of the upper trunk.

Grip and posture – a firm grip, not a tight or a lose grip, and a good posture where the centre of gravity     falls within the base of support for stability.
 
 
  Protective Equipment
   
  Protective equipment is there to protect players against injury and should be used wherever possible. Protective equipment includes personal equipment such as mouth guards and headgear as well as equipments such as padding around goal posts.
 
 
Protective Equipment Should
Be used for the intended purpose
Fit well

Be comfortable

Not restrict movement in the sport
Be worn at practices and matches
When Buying Protective Equipments
Buy sport approved protective equipment
Replace worn out damaged or defective equipment

Don’t alter the equipment as this will reduce its effectiveness

Avoid sharing protective equipments between players of     different sizes
Make sure that the equipment complies with the laws of sport
Make sure equipment is not a risk to others
 
 
 
 
 
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