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 Knee anatomy
 Introduction to knee      Arthroscopy
 Anterior Cruciate Ligament      injury
 Posterior cruciate ligament      injury
 Multi ligamentous injuries
 Meniscus Tear
 Articular cartilage injuries
 Arthritis(Osteo-arthritis)
 Chondromalacia patella
 Patellar Instability
 Knee Infection
Stiff Knee
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Patellar Instability  
   
 
The kneecap is designed to fit in the center of this groove, and slide evenly within the groove during the knee movements. But due to biomechanical alterations , in some patients knee cap tends to slip outwards during the the knee movements.It is called patellar instability.
 
Symptoms
 
Kneecap (patella) moves to the outside of the knee

Anterior knee pain and tenderness

Hypermobile patella (you can move the kneecap excessively )

Apprehension +
 
Investigations
 
Your symptoms plus a doctor's examination of the knee (Q-angle)

Special knee x-rays

MRI scan/CT scan
 
Treatment
 
Conservative

Physical Therapy

Bracing and straping

Operative

Medial soft tissue reconstruction surgeries (MPFL Reconstruction) /Lateral soft tissue
    release Bony realignment surgeries.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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